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dc.contributor.authorTaniguchi, T.
dc.contributor.authorUğur, E.
dc.contributor.authorHoffmann, M.
dc.contributor.authorJamone, L.
dc.contributor.authorNagai, T.
dc.contributor.authorRosman, B.
dc.contributor.authorMatsuka, T.
dc.contributor.authorIwahashi, N.
dc.contributor.authorÖztop, Erhan
dc.contributor.authorPiater, J.
dc.contributor.authorWorgotter, F.
dc.description.abstractHumans use signs, e.g., sentences in a spoken language, for communication and thought. Hence, symbol systems like language are crucial for our communication with other agents and adaptation to our real-world environment. The symbol systems we use in our human society adaptively and dynamically change over time. In the context of artificial intelligence (AI) and cognitive systems, the symbol grounding problem has been regarded as one of the central problems related to symbols. However, the symbol grounding problem was originally posed to connect symbolic AI and sensorimotor information and did not consider many interdisciplinary phenomena in human communication and dynamic symbol systems in our society, which semiotics considered. In this paper, we focus on the symbol emergence problem, addressing not only cognitive dynamics but also the dynamics of symbol systems in society, rather than the symbol grounding problem. We first introduce the notion of a symbol in semiotics from the humanities, to leave the very narrow idea of symbols in symbolic AI. Furthermore, over the years, it became more and more clear that symbol emergence has to be regarded as a multifaceted problem. Therefore, second, we review the history of the symbol emergence problem in different fields, including both biological and artificial systems, showing their mutual relations. We summarize the discussion and provide an integrative viewpoint and comprehensive overview of symbol emergence in cognitive systems. Additionally, we describe the challenges facing the creation of cognitive systems that can be part of symbol emergence systems.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe Grants-in-Aid for Young Scientists (A) under Grant 15H05319, in part by the Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) under Grant 18H03308, and in part by the Scientific Research on Innovative Areas through the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, Japan, and CREST, JST under Grant 16H06569. The work of E. Ugur and J. Piater was supported by the European Unions H2020 Research and Innovation Programme under Grant 731761 (IMAGINE). The work of M. Hoffmann was supported by the Czech Science Foundation under Project GA17-15697Y. The work of F. Worgotter was supported by the European H2020 Programme under Grant 732266 (Plan4Act).
dc.relation.ispartofIEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems
dc.titleSymbol emergence in cognitive developmental systems: A surveyen_US
dc.description.versionPublisher versionen_US
dc.contributor.departmentÖzyeğin University
dc.contributor.authorID(ORCID 0000-0002-3051-6038 & YÖK ID 45227) Öztop, Erhan
dc.contributor.ozuauthorÖztop, Erhan
dc.subject.keywordsArtificial intelligence (AI)en_US
dc.subject.keywordsDevelopmental roboticsen_US
dc.subject.keywordsLanguage acquisitionen_US
dc.subject.keywordsSymbol emergenceen_US
dc.subject.keywordsSymbol groundingen_US
dc.relation.publicationcategoryArticle - International Refereed Journal - Institutional Academic Staff

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