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dc.contributor.authorChen, J.
dc.contributor.authorJohn, R.
dc.contributor.authorYuan, J.
dc.contributor.authorMack, E. A.
dc.contributor.authorGroisman, P.
dc.contributor.authorAllington, G.
dc.contributor.authorWu, J.
dc.contributor.authorFan, P.
dc.contributor.authorDe Beurs, K. M.
dc.contributor.authorKarnieli, A.
dc.contributor.authorGutman, G.
dc.contributor.authorKappas, M.
dc.contributor.authorDong, G.
dc.contributor.authorZhao, F.
dc.contributor.authorOuyang, Z.
dc.contributor.authorPearson, A. L.
dc.contributor.authorGüngör, Beyza Şat
dc.contributor.authorGraham, N. A.
dc.contributor.authorShao, C.
dc.contributor.authorGraham, A. K.
dc.contributor.authorHenebry, G. M.
dc.contributor.authorXue, Z.
dc.contributor.authorAmartuvshin, A.
dc.contributor.authorQu, L.
dc.contributor.authorPark, H.
dc.contributor.authorXin, X.
dc.contributor.authorChen, J.
dc.contributor.authorTian, L.
dc.contributor.authorKnight, C.
dc.contributor.authorKussainova, M.
dc.contributor.authorLi, F.
dc.contributor.authorFürst, C.
dc.contributor.authorQi, J.
dc.description.abstractThis paper synthesizes the contemporary challenges for the sustainability of the social-environmental system (SES) across a geographically, environmentally, and geopolitically diverse region - the Asian Drylands Belt (ADB). This region includes 18 political entities, covering 10.3% of global land area and 30% of total global drylands. At the present time, the ADB is confronted with a unique set of environmental and socioeconomic changes including water shortage-related environmental challenges and dramatic institutional changes since the collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The SES of the ADB is assessed using a conceptual framework rooted in the three pillars of sustainability science: social, economic, and ecological systems. The complex dynamics are explored with biophysical, socioeconomic, institutional, and local context-dependent mechanisms with a focus on institutions and land use and land cover change (LULCC) as important drivers of SES dynamics. This paper also discusses the following five pressing, practical challenges for the sustainability of the ADB SES: (a) reduced water quantity and quality under warming, drying, and escalating extreme events, (b) continued, if not intensifying, geopolitical conflicts, (c) volatile, uncertain, and shifting socioeconomic structures, (d) globalization and cross-country influences, and (e) intensification and shifts in LULCC. To meet the varied challenges across the region, place-based, context-dependent transdisciplinary approaches are needed to focus on the human-environment interactions within and between regional landscapes with explicit consideration of specific forcings and regulatory mechanisms. Future work focused on this region should also assess the role of the following mechanisms that may moderate SES dynamics: socioeconomic regulating mechanisms, biophysical regulating mechanisms, regional and national institutional regulating mechanisms, and localized institutional regulating mechanisms. © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was primarily supported through the LCLUC program of NASA (80NSSC20K0410, NNH18ZDA001N, 80NSSC20K0411, NNX15AD51G, NNX15AP81G). Partial support was provided by the Center for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies at MSU P Groisman has been supported by the NSF Grants (1558389, 1717770, 2019691) through The George Washington University, USA; the Fulbright Global Scholar program provided collaborative support to revise the manuscript at the Martin Luther University to J Chen and C Furst. L Tian was funded by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2019YFC0507801, 2019YFC0507805) and Basic Frontier Science Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (ZDBS-LY-DQC023). Zhaksylyk Sabitov discussed major dynasties and territories in Central Asia and the Middle East. We thank Max Paulus of the IOP publisher (ERL editorial office) to invite us for this follow up review to promote a major knowledge gap for the ADB regions. Three anonymous reviewers provided their very constructive suggestions to revise the manuscript. Kristine Blakeslee of MSU Press made careful copy editing of the manuscript.
dc.publisherIOP Publishingen_US
dc.relation.ispartofEnvironmental Research Letters
dc.rightsAttribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.titleSustainability challenges for the social-environmental systems across the Asian Drylands Belten_US
dc.contributor.departmentÖzyeğin University
dc.contributor.authorID(ORCID 0000-0003-2579-8349 & YÖK ID 29395) Güngör, Beyza
dc.contributor.ozuauthorGüngör, Beyza Şat
dc.subject.keywordsAsian drylandsen_US
dc.subject.keywordsGeopolitical eventsen_US
dc.subject.keywordsGlobal changeen_US
dc.subject.keywordsLand useen_US
dc.subject.keywordsSocial-environmental systemen_US
dc.relation.publicationcategoryReview - Institutional Academic Staff

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