# Natural and Mathematical Sciences

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Book ChapterPublication Metadata only Molecular modeling of MOF membranes for gas separations(World Scientific Publishing Co., 2017-01-01) Fındıkçı, İlknur Eruçar; Keskin, S.; Mechanical Engineering; FINDIKÇI, Ilknur EruçarMetal organic frameworks (MOFs) have received significant attention as membrane materials in the last decade. MOFs typically have high porosities, tunable pore sizes, large surface areas, reasonable thermal and mechanical stabilities. These properties make them ideal membrane materials for gas separations. Considering the very large number of available MOF structures, it is not practically possible to test membranebased gas-separation performance of MOFs using purely experimental means. Molecular modeling methods are highly useful to complement experimental studies by providing insights into the gas-separation mechanisms of MOFs. Molecular simulation studies have been recently used to screen large numbers of MOFs for gas separation applications to identify the most promising MOF membranes. In this way, experimental efforts, time, and resources can be directed to the materials with the highest separation performance. The aim of this chapter is to review the recent advances in molecular modeling of MOF membranes for gas-separations and address the current opportunities and challenges in using molecular simulations for MOF membranes.Conference paperPublication Open Access Analysis of X(4140) like states and their radial excitations in QCD(Sissa Medialab Srl, 2017) Türkan, Arzu; Dağ, Hüseyin; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; TÜRKAN, Arzu; DAĞ, HüseyinIn this work, we investigated the X(4140) and like states and their radial excitations by using molecular and diquark-antidiquark currents which couple to scalar, axial vector and tensor states via QCD sum rules. In operator product expansion, we considered quark, gluon and mixed vacuum condansates up to dimension eight. For the ground states coupling to these currents, we found that masses are almost degenerate with X(4140). For the excited states, we found that scalar and tensor currents are coupling to D∗ sD∗ s threshold. However for the axial vector currents, the mass of the first excited state is compatible with X(4274). Thus we conclude that, X(4274) might be the first radial excitation of X(4140).ArticlePublication Open Access Precision measurement of the structure of the CMS inner tracking system using nuclear interactions(IOP Publishing, 2018-10-29) Sirunyan, A. M.; Işıldak, Bora; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; IŞILDAK, BoraThe structure of the CMS inner tracking system has been studied using nuclear interactions of hadrons striking its material. Data from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV recorded in 2015 at the LHC are used to reconstruct millions of secondary vertices from these nuclear interactions. Precise positions of the beam pipe and the inner tracking system elements, such as the pixel detector support tube, and barrel pixel detector inner shield and support rails, are determined using these vertices. These measurements are important for detector simulations, detector upgrades, and to identify any changes in the positions of inactive elements.ArticlePublication Open Access Study of J/ψ meson production inside jets in pp collisions at √s=8 TeV(Elsevier, 2020-05-10) Sirunyan, A. M.; Işıldak, Bora; The CMS Collaboration; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; IŞILDAK, BoraA study of the production of prompt J/ψ mesons contained in jets in proton-proton collisions at s=8TeV is presented. The analysis is based on data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.1 fb−1 collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. For events with at least one observed jet, the angular separation between the J/ψ meson and the jet is used to test whether the J/ψ meson is part of the jet. The analysis shows that most prompt J/ψ mesons having energy above 15 GeV and rapidity |y|<1 are contained in jets with pseudorapidity |ηjet|<1. The differential distributions of the probability to have a J/ψ meson contained in a jet as a function of jet energy for a fixed J/ψ energy fraction are compared to a theoretical model using the fragmenting jet function approach. The data agree best with fragmenting jet function calculations that use a long-distance matrix element parameter set in which prompt J/ψ mesons are predicted to be unpolarized. This technique demonstrates a new way to test predictions for prompt J/ψ production using nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics.ArticlePublication Open Access Combinations of single-top-quark production cross-section measurements and |f LV Vtb| determinations at √s = 7 and 8 TeV with the ATLAS and CMS experiments(Springer, 2019-05-16) Aaboud, M.; Işıldak, Bora; The CMS Collaboration; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; IŞILDAK, BoraThis paper presents the combinations of single-top-quark production cross-section measurements by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations, using data from LHC proton-proton collisions at s = 7 and 8 TeV corresponding to integrated luminosities of 1.17 to 5.1 fb−1 at s = 7 TeV and 12.2 to 20.3 fb−1 at s = 8 TeV. These combinations are performed per centre-of-mass energy and for each production mode: t-channel, tW, and s-channel. The combined t-channel cross-sections are 67.5 ± 5.7 pb and 87.7 ± 5.8 pb at s = 7 and 8 TeV respectively. The combined tW cross-sections are 16.3 ± 4.1 pb and 23.1 ± 3.6 pb at s = 7 and 8 TeV respectively. For the s-channel cross-section, the combination yields 4.9 ± 1.4 pb at s = 8 TeV. The square of the magnitude of the CKM matrix element Vtb multiplied by a form factor fLV is determined for each production mode and centre-of-mass energy, using the ratio of the measured cross-section to its theoretical prediction. It is assumed that the top-quark-related CKM matrix elements obey the relation |Vtd|, |Vts| ≪ |Vtb|. All the |fLVVtb|2 determinations, extracted from individual ratios at s = 7 and 8 TeV, are combined, resulting in |fLVVtb| = 1.02 ± 0.04 (meas.) ± 0.02 (theo.). All combined measurements are consistent with their corresponding Standard Model predictions.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].ArticlePublication Open Access Combination of the W boson polarization measurements in top quark decays using ATLAS and CMS data at √s = 8 TeV(Springer, 2020-08-12) Aad, G.; Işıldak, Bora; The CMS Collaboration; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; IŞILDAK, BoraThe combination of measurements of the W boson polarization in top quark decays performed by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations is presented. The measurements are based on proton-proton collision data produced at the LHC at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV, and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of about 20 fb−1 for each experiment. The measurements used events containing one lepton and having different jet multiplicities in the final state. The results are quoted as fractions of W bosons with longitudinal (F0), left-handed (FL), or right-handed (FR) polarizations. The resulting combined measurements of the polarization fractions are F0 = 0.693 ± 0.014 and FL = 0.315 ± 0.011. The fraction FR is calculated from the unitarity constraint to be FR = −0.008 ± 0.007. These results are in agreement with the standard model predictions at next-to-next-to-leading order in perturbative quantum chromodynamics and represent an improvement in precision of 25 (29)% for F0 (FL) with respect to the most precise single measurement. A limit on anomalous right-handed vector (VR), and left- and right-handed tensor (gL, gR) tWb couplings is set while fixing all others to their standard model values. The allowed regions are [−0.11, 0.16] for VR, [−0.08, 0.05] for gL, and [−0.04, 0.02] for gR, at 95% confidence level. Limits on the corresponding Wilson coefficients are also derived.ArticlePublication Open Access Measurements of production cross sections of WZ and same-sign WW boson pairs in association with two jets in proton-proton collisions at √s=13 TeV(Elsevier, 2020-10-10) Sirunyan, A. M.; Işıldak, Bora; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; IŞILDAK, BoraMeasurements of production cross sections of WZ and same-sign WW boson pairs in association with two jets in proton-proton collisions at s=13TeV at the LHC are reported. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 137fb−1, collected with the CMS detector during 2016–2018. The measurements are performed in the leptonic decay modes [Formula presented] and [Formula presented], where ℓ,ℓ′=e, [Formula presented]. Differential fiducial cross sections as functions of the invariant masses of the jet and charged lepton pairs, as well as of the leading-lepton transverse momentum, are measured for W±W± production and are consistent with the standard model predictions. The dependence of differential cross sections on the invariant mass of the jet pair is also measured for WZ production. An observation of electroweak production of WZ boson pairs is reported with an observed (expected) significance of 6.8 (5.3) standard deviations. Constraints are obtained on the structure of quartic vector boson interactions in the framework of effective field theory.ArticlePublication Open Access Measurements of the associated production of a W boson and a charm quark in proton–proton collisions at √s=8TeV(Springer, 2022-12-05) Tumasyan, A.; Işıldak, Bora; The CMS Collaboration; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; IŞILDAK, BoraMeasurements of the associated production of a W boson and a charm (c) quark in proton–proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8TeV are reported. The analysis uses a data sample corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 19.7fb-1 collected by the CMS detector at the LHC. The W bosons are identified through their leptonic decays to an electron or a muon, and a neutrino. Charm quark jets are selected using distinctive signatures of charm hadron decays. The product of the cross section and branching fraction σ(pp → W + c + X) B(W → ℓν) , where ℓ= e or μ , and the cross section ratio σ(pp → W ++ c ¯ + X) / σ(pp → W -+ c + X) are measured in a fiducial volume and differentially as functions of the pseudorapidity and of the transverse momentum of the lepton from the W boson decay. The results are compared with theoretical predictions. The impact of these measurements on the determination of the strange quark distribution is assessed.CorrectionPublication Open Access Author Correction: A portrait of the Higgs boson by the CMS experiment ten years after the discovery(Nature Research, 2022-11-02) Tumasyan, A.; Işıldak, Bora; The CMS Collaboration; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; IŞILDAK, BoraIn the version of this article initially published, CMS Collaboration author names, affiliations and acknowledgements were omitted and have now been included in the HTML and PDF versions of the article.ArticlePublication Open Access Performance of the local reconstruction algorithms for the CMS hadron calorimeter with Run 2 data(IOP Publishing, 2023-11) Tumasyan, A.; Işıldak, Bora; The CMS Collaboration; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; IŞILDAK, BoraA description is presented of the algorithms used to reconstruct energy deposited in the CMS hadron calorimeter during Run 2 (2015-2018) of the LHC. During Run 2, the characteristic bunch-crossing spacing for proton-proton collisions was 25 ns, which resulted in overlapping signals from adjacent crossings. The energy corresponding to a particular bunch crossing of interest is estimated using the known pulse shapes of energy depositions in the calorimeter, which are measured as functions of both energy and time. A variety of algorithms were developed to mitigate the effects of adjacent bunch crossings on local energy reconstruction in the hadron calorimeter in Run 2, and their performance is compared.ArticlePublication Open Access Lump solutions of the fractional Kadomtsev–Petviashvili equation(Springer, 2024-01) Borluk, Handan; Bruell, G.; Nilsson, D.; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; BORLUK, HandanOf concern is the fractional Kadomtsev–Petviashvili (fKP) equation and its lump solution. As in the classical Kadomtsev–Petviashvili equation, the fKP equation comes in two versions: fKP-I (strong surface tension case) and fKP-II (weak surface tension case). We prove the existence of nontrivial lump solutions for the fKP-I equation in the energy subcritical case α>45 by means of variational methods. It is already known that there exist neither nontrivial lump solutions belonging to the energy space for the fKP-II equation [9] nor for the fKP-I when α≤45 [26]. Furthermore, we show that for any α>45 lump solutions for the fKP-I equation are smooth and decay quadratically at infinity. Numerical experiments are performed for the existence of lump solutions and their decay. Moreover, numerically, we observe cross-sectional symmetry of lump solutions for the fKP-I equation.ArticlePublication Open Access Addendum: Measurement and QCD analysis of double-differential inclusive jet cross sections in proton-proton collisions at √s=13 TeV(Springer, 2022-12-07) Tumasyan, A.; Işıldak, Bora; The CMS Collaboration; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; IŞILDAK, BoraThe QCD analysis at NNLO is repeated by using the NNLO interpolation grids for the double-differential inclusive jet cross section [1], which were released after the journal publication of the original analysis. The NNLOJET calculation used to derive these grids is based on the leading-colour and leading-flavour-number approximation and does not include the most recent subleading colour contributions. However, these contributions were reported in ref. [2] to be very small in inclusive jet production, in particular for a jet size of R = 0.7. The grids also contain an estimate of the numerical integration uncertainty of around 1% or less. To account for point-to-point fluctuations, this uncertainty, after consultation with the authors of NNLOJET, has been increased by a factor of two; however, its impact in the fit is negligible. A comparison of the measurement with predictions using various PDFs is shown in figure 1. Although the PDF parametrisation remains identical, higher precision in PDF and QCD parameters is expected by using NNLO grids consistently in the QCD analysis. These new results supersede those obtained by using the k-factor technique.ArticlePublication Open Access Combination of inclusive top-quark pair production cross-section measurements using ATLAS and CMS data at √s = 7 and 8 TeV(Springer, 2023-07-27) Aad, G.; Işıldak, Bora; The CMS Collaboration; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; IŞILDAK, BoraA combination of measurements of the inclusive top-quark pair production cross-section performed by ATLAS and CMS in proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of 7 and 8TeV at the LHC is presented. The cross-sections are obtained using top-quark pair decays with an opposite-charge electron-muon pair in the final state and with data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of about 5 fb(-1) at root s = 7 TeV and about 20 fb(-1) at root s = 8TeV for each experiment. The combined cross-sections are determined to be 178.5 +/- 4.7 pb at root s = 7 TeV and 243.3(-5.9)(+6.0) pb at root s = 8TeV with a correlation of 0.41, using a reference top-quark mass value of 172.5 GeV. The ratio of the combined crosssections is determined to be R-8/7 = 1.363 +/- 0.032. The combined measured cross-sections and their ratio agree well with theory calculations using several parton distribution function (PDF) sets. The values of the top-quark pole mass (with the strong coupling fixed at 0.118) and the strong coupling (with the top-quark pole mass fixed at 172.5 GeV) are extracted from the combined results by fitting a next-to-next-to-leading-order plus next-to-next-to-leading-log QCD prediction to the measurements. Using a version of the NNPDF3.1 PDF set containing no top-quark measurements, the results obtained are m(t)(pole) = 173.4(-2.0)(+1.8) GeV and alpha s(m(Z)) = 0.1170(-0.0018)(+0.0021).ArticlePublication Open Access Measurement of the differential t t ¯production cross section as a function of the jet mass and extraction of the top quark mass in hadronic decays of boosted top quarks(Springer, 2023-07-03) Tumasyan, A.; Işıldak, Bora; The CMS Collaboration; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; IŞILDAK, BoraA measurement of the jet mass distribution in hadronic decays of Lorentz-boosted top quarks is presented. The measurement is performed in the lepton + jets channel of top quark pair production (t t ¯) events, where the lepton is an electron or muon. The products of the hadronic top quark decay are reconstructed using a single large-radius jet with transverse momentum greater than 400 GeV . The data were collected with the CMS detector at the LHC in proton-proton collisions and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb-1 . The differential t t ¯ production cross section as a function of the jet mass is unfolded to the particle level and is used to extract the top quark mass. The jet mass scale is calibrated using the hadronic W boson decay within the large-radius jet. The uncertainties in the modelling of the final state radiation are reduced by studying angular correlations in the jet substructure. These developments lead to a significant increase in precision, and a top quark mass of 173.06±0.84GeV .ArticlePublication Open Access Search for Z′ bosons decaying to pairs of heavy Majorana neutrinos in proton-proton collisions at √s=13 TeV(Springer, 2023-11-24) Tumasyan, A.; Işıldak, Bora; The CMS Collaboration; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; IŞILDAK, BoraA search for the production of pairs of heavy Majorana neutrinos (N-& ell;) from the decays of Z ' bosons is performed using the CMS detector at the LHC. The data were collected in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of root s = 13 TeV, with an integrated luminosity of 138 fb(-1). The signature for the search is an excess in the invariant mass distribution of the final-state objects, two same-flavor leptons (e or mu) and at least two jets. No significant excess of events beyond the expected background is observed. Upper limits at 95% confidence level are set on the product of the Z ' production cross section and its branching fraction to a pair of N-& ell;, as functions of N-& ell; and Z ' boson masses (m(N & ell;) and m(Z '), respectively) for m(Z ') from 0.4 to 4.6 TeV and m(N & ell;) from 0.1 TeV to m(Z ')/2. In the theoretical framework of a left-right symmetric model, exclusion bounds in the m(N & ell;)-m(Z ') plane are presented in both the electron and muon channels. The observed upper limit on m(Z ') reaches up to 4.42 TeV. These are the most restrictive limits to date on the mass of N as a function of the Z ' boson mass.ArticlePublication Open Access Observation of same-sign WW production from double parton scattering in proton-proton collisions at √s=13 TeV(American Physical Society, 2023-09-01) Tumasyan, A.; Işıldak, Bora; The CMS Collaboration; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; IŞILDAK, BoraThe first observation of the production of Formula Presented bosons from double parton scattering processes using same-sign electron-muon and dimuon events in proton-proton collisions is reported. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of Formula Presented recorded at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV using the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. Multivariate discriminants are used to distinguish the signal process from the main backgrounds. A binned maximum likelihood fit is performed to extract the signal cross section. The measured cross section for production of same-sign Formula Presented bosons decaying leptonically is Formula Presented, whereas the measured fiducial cross section is Formula Presented. The observed significance of the signal is 6.2 standard deviations above the background-only hypothesis.ArticlePublication Open Access Measurements of the Higgs boson production cross section and couplings in the W boson pair decay channel in proton-proton collisions at √s = 13 TeV(Springer, 2023-07-26) Tumasyan, A.; Işıldak, Bora; The CMS Collaboration; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; IŞILDAK, BoraProduction cross sections of the standard model Higgs boson decaying to a pair of W bosons are measured in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV . The analysis targets Higgs bosons produced via gluon fusion, vector boson fusion, and in association with a W or Z boson. Candidate events are required to have at least two charged leptons and moderate missing transverse momentum, targeting events with at least one leptonically decaying W boson originating from the Higgs boson. Results are presented in the form of inclusive and differential cross sections in the simplified template cross section framework, as well as couplings of the Higgs boson to vector bosons and fermions. The data set collected by the CMS detector during 2016–2018 is used, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb-1 . The signal strength modifier μ , defined as the ratio of the observed production rate in a given decay channel to the standard model expectation, is measured to be μ=0.95-0.09+0.10 . All results are found to be compatible with the standard model within the uncertainties.ArticlePublication Open Access Measurements of the azimuthal anisotropy of prompt and nonprompt charmonia in PbPb collisions at √sNN=5.02 TeV(Springer, 2023-10-19) Tumasyan, A.; Işıldak, Bora; The CMS Collaboration; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; IŞILDAK, BoraThe second-order (v(2)) and third-order (v(3)) Fourier coefficients describing the azimuthal anisotropy of prompt and nonprompt (from b-hadron decays) J/psi, as well as prompt psi(2S) mesons are measured in lead-lead collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of root s(NN) = 5.02TeV. The analysis uses a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.61 nb(-1) recorded with the CMS detector. The J/psi and psi(2S) mesons are reconstructed using their dimuon decay channel. The v(2) and v(3) coefficients are extracted using the scalar product method and studied as functions of meson transverse momentum and collision centrality. The measured v(2) values for prompt J/psi mesons are found to be larger than those for nonprompt J/psi mesons. The prompt J/psi v(2) values at high pT are found to be underpredicted by a model incorporating only parton energy loss effects in a quark-gluon plasma medium. Prompt and nonprompt J/psi meson v(3) and prompt psi(2S) v(2) and v(3) values are also reported for the first time, providing new information about heavy quark interactions in the hot and dense medium created in heavy ion collisions.ArticlePublication Open Access Search for a charged Higgs boson decaying into a heavy neutral Higgs boson and a W boson in proton-proton collisions at √s=13 TeV(Springer, 2023-09-06) Tumasyan, A.; Işıldak, Bora; The CMS Collaboration; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; IŞILDAK, BoraA search for a charged Higgs boson H-+/- decaying into a heavy neutral Higgs boson H and a W boson is presented. The analysis targets the H decay into a pair of tau leptons with at least one of them decaying hadronically and with an additional electron or muon present in the event. The search is based on proton-proton collision data recorded by the CMS experiment during 2016-2018 at root s = 13TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb(-1). The data are consistent with standard model background expectations. Upper limits at 95% confidence level are set on the product of the cross section and branching fraction for an H-+/- in the mass range of 300-700 GeV, assuming an H with a mass of 200 GeV. The observed limits range from 0.085 pb for an H-+/- mass of 300 Ge V to 0.019 pb for a mass of 700 GeV. These are the first limits on H +/- production in the H-+/- -> HW +/- decay channel at the LHC.ArticlePublication Open Access Search for Higgs boson and observation of Z boson through their decay into a charm quark-antiquark pair in boosted topologies in proton-proton collisions at √s=13 TeV(American Physical Society, 2023-07-26) Tumasyan, A.; Işıldak, Bora; The CMS Collaboration; Natural and Mathematical Sciences; IŞILDAK, BoraA search for the standard model (SM) Higgs boson ( H ) produced with transverse momentum ( p T ) greater than 450 GeV and decaying to a charm quark-antiquark ( c c ¯ ) pair is presented. The search is performed using proton-proton collision data collected at s = 13 TeV by the CMS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb - 1 . Boosted H → c c ¯ decay products are reconstructed as a single large-radius jet and identified using a deep neural network charm tagging technique. The method is validated by measuring the Z → c c ¯ decay process, which is observed in association with jets at high p T for the first time with a signal strength of 1.00 - 0.14 + 0.17 ( syst ) ± 0.08 ( theo ) ± 0.06 ( stat ) , defined as the ratio of the observed process rate to the SM expectation. The observed (expected) upper limit on σ ( H ) B ( H → c c ¯ ) is set at 47 (39) times the SM prediction at 95% confidence level.