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dc.contributor.authorMarcus, Justin
dc.contributor.authorLe, H.
dc.date.accessioned2014-07-04T08:38:49Z
dc.date.available2014-07-04T08:38:49Z
dc.date.issued2013-08
dc.identifier.issn1099-1379
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10679/432
dc.identifier.urihttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/job.1875/abstract
dc.descriptionDue to copyright restrictions, the access to the full text of this article is only available via subscription.en_US
dc.description.abstractWe examined the interactive effects of levels of individualism–collectivism (I–C) on cooperation at work by meta-analytically combining results obtained from 201 studies, representing 225 independent samples. I–C was operationalized at the individual, organizational, and societal levels of analyses. Cooperation was conceptualized at both individual and group levels of analysis. Both cooperative behavior and performance were included as outcomes. The correlation between individual-level I–C and cooperation/performance was stronger in collectivistic as opposed to individualistic societies. Similarly, the correlation between organizational-level I–C and cooperation was stronger in collectivistic societies. Results also indicated that individual-level and organizational-level I–C, but not societal-level I–C, were moderately related to study outcomes. Examination of other potential moderators indicated that neither study setting, I–C dimensionality, nor performance measurement type (objective vs subjective measures) altered these relations. However, a conceptual match between I–C and cooperation was a moderator such that effect sizes were generally larger when I–C and outcomes were both measured at the same level of analysis. Overall, our results indicate that I–C is both theoretically and empirically distinct across the various levels of analyses and that it may be a better predictor of outcomes in collectivistic as opposed to individualistic societies.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherWileyen_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Organizational Behavior
dc.rightsrestrictedAccess
dc.titleInteractive effects of levels of individualism–collectivism on cooperation: a meta-analysisen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.peerreviewedyesen_US
dc.publicationstatuspublished
dc.contributor.departmentÖzyeğin University
dc.contributor.authorID228228
dc.contributor.authorID0000-0002-6869-0365
dc.contributor.ozuauthorMarcus, Justin
dc.identifier.volume34
dc.identifier.issue6
dc.identifier.startpage813
dc.identifier.endpage834
dc.identifier.wosWOS:000322123600005
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/job.1875
dc.subject.keywordsIndividualismen_US
dc.subject.keywordsCollectivismen_US
dc.subject.keywordsCooperationen_US
dc.subject.keywordsLevels of analysesen_US
dc.subject.keywordsMeta-analysisen_US
dc.identifier.scopusSCOPUS:2-s2.0-84880708158


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